Adjective clauses can be reduced to adjective phrases under certain grammatical conditions. In the examples below, you will see a noun modified by an adjective clause and then an example of the same noun modified by the shorter adjective phrase. The red dots indicate that the main clause is incomplete as you are focusing only on clause-to-phrase reduction in these examples. For such reductions to occur, the relative pronoun must be a subject pronoun in all cases.
Listen to reductions of adjective clauses
Find out more about verbals,
click verbals under Parts of Speech. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/index2.html#parts
Find out more about appositives. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_appos.html
The following news article provides information about an important new medical advance in the treatment of heart disease. The first time you read the article, read for information. Then take the reading quiz below.
The second time you read the article, use it as a grammar search and review. Print out the article and follow these directions:
1. [Bracket] all adjective clauses and underline the nouns they modify.
2. Put (parentheses) around adjective phrases and underline the nouns they modify.
3. Circle appositives. Underline the nouns they identify or modify.
4. Identify adjective clauses, phrases, and appositives as Restrictive (R) or Nonrestrictive (NR). Write this information in the margins of the reading.
You will find examples of each type of adjective phrase listed above. Open the Check Grammar Search link only after you have reread the article and searched for adjective clauses and phrases of the various types listed above.
Take the Reading Quiz
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